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WK-6-403276 viewsBuck Hill Orchard Gardens area south
Cliff Road looking East274 viewsCliff Road looking East, South River Hills, Mary Mother of the Church under construction, Highway 13 shown.
Burnsville Center 1977273 viewsThe Swiss Colony - one of the original stores at the Burnsville Center. August 3, 1977 Burnsville Current photo.
Burnsville Center Development Announced270 viewsLocal residents may get some tax relief and a few businesses arc expecting to feel new competitive pressure when the 530 million Burnsville Center opens mid-summer 1977.
The regional shopping center is being developed on a 114-acre site just west of J5W and south of County Road 42 by Homart Development Company, a wholly- owned subsidiary of Scars, Roebuck and Company.
The center is located in the 196 (Rosemount) Schoo District and will pay taxes in that district and to the City of Burnsville.
County Assessment Office figures show that 1976 rates payable as 1977 taxes that affect the Center include 19.44 mills for Dakota County. 16.91 mills for the City of Burnsville and 64.48 mills for the 196 School District.
An assessment office spokesman said unless there is a major increase in the budgets of the three taxing units the growing shopping facility will provide tax revenue that can provide relief for home owners.
On the other hand, the same source pointed out the opening of a new center may mean some smaller shopping areas in Dakota County will fail because of the strong competition such a center provides.
Scars. Powers and Dayton's Stores arc scheduled as major tenants in the 150-store Center.
In promotional literature Homart says a J.C. Penney store will join the Center in
Developers have mapped out their target area. They see customers coming to the Center from as far south as Northfield. from the west beyond New Prague and Prior Lake, and from as far east as Hastings and the Mississippi River.
While they also expect customers from as far north as Bloomington and Edina. the Homart leadership docs not believe the new Center will cut into their market for the Eden Praric Center also developed by Homart.
Both Burnsville City Manager Patrick Mclnnis and City Planner Glen Northrup see the new Center as a positive asset to the community.
"The opening of that center will make this more of a complete city." Northrup said. "It will provide 2,000 more jobs in the community, and an additional force in bringing people to the community to live and shop."
They believe the community and the developer have planned adequately for parking, traffic and city services.
While some business owners in the area predict "a giant traffic jam" when the Center opens. Northrup is more optimistic: "Traffic planning has been good. The developers have spent 5500,000 improving Buck Hill Road between 35W and the center for adequate entrance." He also pointed out that the state has planned and built appropriate interstate exits as well.
Mclnnis said, too. that work is beginning now to widen County Road 5 west of the center from County Road 42 to the Valley Ridge Shopping Center. The eventual goal, he said, is to urge county authorities to make County Road 5 four-lane from State Highway 13 to the Dakota County line.
The developers have planned for parking for more than 5,000 cars initially. Burnsville Center is built at the north
end of a much larger excavated site that was initially landscaped and cleared to include the center with satellite service centers, banks and office and housing complexes. When economic crunches were felt in late 1973 and early 1974 investments became more risky and building came to a halt.
Northrup said no plans have been brought to his office for other developments from the shopping center to Crystal Lake Road.
Some residents of the area said in interviews that while they have no complaint against the new shopping center they are discouraged that forest areas to the south were bulldozed as long as two years ago for buildings that have never materialized.
One government official said he felt "personally" that the development company got started with the new Center just before the economy went into a slump "or we wouldn't even have the new shopping center."
The same spokesman said he believes some smaller shopping centers will "lose out" to the new Center and will drop in value.
Burnsville city records show that it has been nine years since that area was zoned for a regional shopping center, with final approval of shopping center plans made in December 1973.
Spokesmen for three other shopping centers in the Burnsville area sec the new Center as retaining retail business in Dakota County instead of losing shoppers to the Twin Cities.
Earl Johnson, president of Sioux Trail Center Merchants Association, and owner of a television and hardware store, said "The more businesses we can get to come to Burnsville. the more we'll keep people shopping at home instead of across the
river." Sioux Trail's shopping area is three years old and located at Minnesota Highway 13 and Cliff Road.
Loren Henry, of Klodt Construction Company, heads the Diamondhead Center, now almost two years old. and located on the Burnsville Crosstown.
"There is a certain amount of anxiety in seeing such a huge center go up. We know, for example that a couple of our tenants plan to expand, adding stores there as well as keeping those at Diamondhead. But we do sec the center as serving people on a less regular basis than we do." Mclnnis said he did not see this as a major burden on the Department of Public Safety which now includes 34 sworn officers, 14 community service persons (interns and trainees) and seven volunteers to serve the city of 32,000.
As for the Center itself, it will be ready for interior work this fall. A visit this past week showed the Dayton's store with steel structure in place and footings being poured for the Powers store. The Sears exterior is complete.
"Our businesses are primarily convenience ones essential to the community." said Dale Sauer, of Kraus-Andcrson Properties which manages Valley Ridge, on Burnsville Parkway West Drive.
" We have groceries and hardware stores, beauty and barber shops, the local cleaners, the kind of neighborhood center people need every day. while the regional centers provide a place for major purchases and fashion interest." he said.
Burnsville will provide city police and fire protection services even though the new center will hire its own security personnel.
Dayton's tenth store in the state will be the largest of the major stores in the center with 171.000 square feet. It will be located on the west end of the center and will include a restaurant.
Sears will be located at the east end of the long mall, with Powers to the north and Penney's to the south.
When viewed from the access roads, the Center's obvious unique feature is a scries of octagonal skylights. These are
planned to provide an outdoor atmosphere to a central court which will have thousands of dollars worth of trees and shrubs growing in the midst of retail stores.
A fast food service is planned under a canopy of trees and the building is said to be designed for community events that will include comfortable seating.
Some old trees have been maintained on what was once the old farm site, and new plantings are already in the parking areas.
Nicollet Junior High School and 134th Street off Nicollet.270 viewsA view of Burnsville by air.
Wedding of Clara Fahey and Elias Kearney 1919269 viewsBoth members of Burnsville founding familes - Fahey and Kearney, both lived in the School District 16 area of Burnsville.
Some of the people in the photo have been identified:
40 Years After flood of 1965268 viewsSavage Pacer - Nancy Huddleston 2005
April 9, 2005, Savage Pacer

Airlift to season opener
Four Minnesota Twins baseball players living in Burnsville beat the traffic jams by getting an air lift to the 1965 seasons opening game with the New YorkYankees. Rich Rollins, Dick Stigman,Bill Bethea and Jim Kaat were picked up by helicopter at Burnsville High School at 9:30 a.m. and returned after the game . Several classes of elementary age children located in the west wing of the building were thrilled to see the Twins waiting outside their school.

35W a vast, quiet lake
Interstate35W was new in 1965and was usually humming with cars and trucks. It was submerged under a vast, quiet lake dotted with a few trees and road signs and closed off for a week between Bloomington and Highway 13.
The only traffic near the highway was a rowboat that was moored at the entrance to the Embassy Club and colorful pleasure boats of Aqua Craft Inc. that floated unperturbed in a neat row near the water-coveredmarina on the Bloomington side of the river.
Since all area river crossings were under water, motorists had to travelHighway 13to the Mendota Bridge. At times, traffic was backed up to BurnsvilleHigh School and was not moving
at all. So, motorists in the area of the River Hills neighborhood in Burnsvillemade the best of the situation by getting up a roadside ball game.
Many Burnsville residents with downtown jobs simply rented hotel rooms and stayed in town until the flood waters receded.
Burnsville Parkway between 35 W and County Road 5268 viewsBurnsville by air.
Southport Airport Lebanon267 viewsLocated on County Road 42 of what is now Apple Valley, near the corner of Cedar Avenue.
Oscar Dally264 viewsThe Dally cabin at Crystal Lake in the 1920s.
Lechters Burnsville Center 1990s.263 viewsLechters Housewares was a national chain of kitchen-supply stores in the United States, based in Harrison, New Jersey. Many of its stores were in malls, including Burnsville Center. It went out of business in 2001. Photo compliments of the Burnsville Center.
Crystal Lake 1970s262 viewsA view of Crystal Lake from Buck Hill.
Bloomington High School261 viewsBurnsville did not have a high school until 1956 so some teens attended the high school in Bloomington.
Burnsville Center261 viewsThe Guthrie Theatre, Minneapolis sponsors a display at Burnsville Center. September 14, 1977 "Burnsville Current photo.
Scott's Ford Dealership, Bloomington260 viewsThere were no car dealerships in Burnsville until the 1970s. Options often included Shakopee, Farmington, or the Scott Ford dealership, just past the Cedar Avenue Bridge in Bloomington. Circa- 1960.
$20 million Burnsville Center plans 1973260 viewsAugust, 1973: The much discussed Burnsville Shopping Center at the intersection of County Road 42 and 35 W was in the news again when the Burnsville Village Council approved a special grading permit so site work could begin.
WK-6-404259 viewsDan Patch line in lower left
WN-9-766259 viewsHighway 13 and Lyndale at lower center
1851 Land Cession Treaties258 views1851 Dakota Land Cession Treaties
(material from treatiesmatter.org)
This website was created as a supplement to Why Treaties Matter - Self Government in the Dakota and Ojibwe Nations, a travelling exhibit on treaties between Dakota and Ojibwe people and the U.S.. The project is a collaboration of the Minnesota Indian Affairs Council, the Minnesota Humanities Center, and the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of the American Indian. The 15-minute video presented above, produced by the National Museum of the American Indian, introduces the themes of the exhibit: that tribal government's exercise indigenous sovereignty today, and that indigenous sovereignty was not given in treaties, but retained in treaties.

Treaty with the Sioux, Signed July 23, 1851 at Traverse des Sioux, MN
Treaty with the Sioux, Signed August 6, 1851 at Mendota

In these transformative treaties, Dakota people sold most of their land to the U.S. in exchange for $3,750,000 (estimated at 12 cents per acre), to be paid over decades. Little of the payment was received. The treaty stipulated that they would retain a strip of land 20 miles wide, spanning the Minnesota River; this article was unilaterally removed by the U.S. Senate, but later reinstated by legislation.

In their report to Congress on these treaties, commissioners Alexander Ramsey and Luke Lea justified this enormous land cession by the Dakota – “larger than the State of New York, and rich, fertile, and beautiful, beyond description” – by writing that…

"It is needed as an additional outlet to the overwhelming tide of migration which is both increasing and irresistible in its westward progress."

At least two things are misleading about this statement.

First, there was no tide of migration to Dakota country in 1851. In the 1850 census, the entire “white and mulatto” population of Minnesota Territory (which stretched far into present-day North and South Dakota) was less than 6,100 people, living on more than 9,000 square miles ceded by Dakota and Ojibwe people in 1837 and 1847. (By contrast, Lea and Ramsey estimated that 8,000 Dakota people would be affected by these treaties.) The U.S. acquisition of another 35,000 square miles was “necessitated” not by settlers anxious to move there – although the land was, of course, very attractive – but by land speculators who wanted to divert migration to Minnesota from Iowa and Wisconsin, which had recently become states. The land cession did result in a “tide of migration,” but was not directly caused by one.

Secondly, Ramsey and Lea did not mention the interests of fur traders in the treaty, though they were well aware that traders had engineered the entire land cession. As Lucille Kane noted in “The Sioux Treaties and the Traders,”

"… by 1851 the traders had on their books debts amounting to almost half a million dollars. The fur trade was declining, and, without other means of getting their money, the traders looked to the funds the Indians would receive for their lands after signing the treaties. When the call for the treaty went out, traders flocked from posts near and far to Traverse des Sioux and Mendota to push the negotiations."
—Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1851, p. 281
fur trade was declining, and, without other means of getting their money, the traders looked to the funds the Indians would receive for their lands after signing the treaties. When the call for the treaty went out, traders flocked from posts near and far to Traverse des Sioux and Mendota to push the negotiations."

—Annual Report of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, 1851, p. 281

Of the compensation promised to the Dakota for their land, debt payments - inflated by the traders - came off the top. Another $60,000 was to be spent hiring (white) blacksmiths and preparing the Dakota to make a transition to farming. The remainder was to be placed in trust, with 5% paid to the Dakota per year. Of this money, half would be used to buy goods and services from the traders.

Though the benefits to traders and speculators are entirely omitted in their report, Ramsey and Lea spent pages talking about how the Dakota would benefit from the reduction of their homeland to a strip only 20 miles wide. The greatest benefit, in the eyes of Ramsey and Lea, would be an assault on Dakota culture:
"It was our constant aim to do what we could to break up the community system among the Indians, and cause them to recognise the individuality of property... If timely measures are taken for the proper location and management of these tribes, they may, at no distant
period, become an intelligent and Christian people."
Burnsville Center 1978258 viewsArthur Murray dancers at a Back to the 50's event at the Burnsville Center outside of Daytons. September 11, 1978 Burnsville Current.
Snacking on candy at the Burnsville Center258 viewsClassic "penny" candy is no longer a penny, but available at the Burnsville Center.
Burnsville Center Grand Opening Poster255 viewsPat Paulsen was the celebrity employed to promote Burnsville Center during its launch and first year.
Cliff Road looking East255 viewsArnold Drube of Burnsville is shown as the photographer.
Riverwoods Industrial Park Cliff Road photo 2255 viewsPhoto 1 and 2 are only slightly different based on the location of the plane. Shown is Pepsi, the Burnsville Bowl along with Connelly Estates on County Road 11.
Dakota Presence in the River Valley254 viewsFrom Medwakanton Dakota 2002.

The Minnesota and Mississippi river valleys have been home to the Dakota for hundreds of years, and the existence of our ancestors was sustained by their relationship with the earth and their surroundings. For generations, Dakota families fished from the rivers, gathered rice from area lakes, and hunted game on the prairies and in river valley woodlands. Along the riverbanks, leaders of the Eastern Dakota, including SAKPE, CASKE, MAZOMANI, WAMBDITANKA, HUYAPA, TACANKU WASTE, and TAOYATEDUTA, established villages. From these home sites, the Eastern Dakota traveled for hunting, gathering, and meeting with other bands of Dakota. Our ancestors lived in harmony with the world around them, and Dakota culture flourished.

Coka Hanska Black Dog Lake Black Dog's Village Burials
Nicollet Avenue area253 viewsNicollet Junior High School under construction.
Burnhaven promotional pieces253 viewsBurnsville Center area promo with aerials.
Burnsville Center 1977251 viewsA window display at one of the department stores at the Burnsville Center. August 3, 1977 Burnsville Current.
Nicollet Avenue 1970s249 viewsThe original maintenance garage, Nicollet Junior high and the site of Sky Oaks School are shown in this air photo.
Burnsville Center by air 1980s249 viewsA view of Burnsville Center from Burnhaven Drive with roof of library, Buck Hill Road, 35 W and 35 E visible. Photo compliments of the Burnsville Center.
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